Jain Temple Kangra

For many centuries till the twentieth the jain connection with Kangra remained a forgotten chepter of history. In 1872-73, Sir Alexander Cunningham was first to notice the remains of old Jain temple in the Kangra fort and in Kangra town. Although some of his observations show his inadequate familiarity with jain tradition, but the details mentioned by him are sufficient to show a significant presence of jain ruins both in the the fort as well as the town ship. But in sprite of sir cunningham's discovery in 1872-73 and later reports by Buhlar other the jain connection of Kangra remained almost unknow in the Jain consciousness till a change discovery of a manuscript called "Vijnapti Triveni" by Muni Jin Vijaya during his studies at paten. Vijnapati Triveni is a travelogue of pilgrimage undertaken in VS 1484 (1427 AD), from Faridpur in Sindh to Nagarkot (Kangra) and back. Vijanpati are usually the accounts of activities of the monks during their various sojourns undertaken at the behest of their guru. The term is also applied to the formal request by Jain Shravak Sanghs to their guru praying him to come for Chaturmas to their place to direct all the religious activities during that period.


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Quite often such vijnaptis were long, poetic, illustrated and containing many details of the local area and people as well as information of surrounding area. The historians especially the jain historians will forever remain grateful to Muni Jin Vijay ji for having done a sterling service by publishing the contents of Vijanpati Triveni in 1916 AD and thus bringing to life a forgotten chapter of Jain history. It also underlines the importance of examining the vast reservoir of jain manuscripts, which may reveal new facts about Indian history. About Kanga, Sahitya Vachaspati Bhanwarlal Nahata did further study and research this contained a summary of various reference to Kangra in Jain literature as well as a compilation of various compositions on Kangra Mahateerath by various Jain monks and shravaks who went to Kangra on pilgrimage during the years 1391-1634.

Jain Temple

The story goes that Krishana engineered a strategy so that Neminath chooses to renounce the world. Otherwise Neminath with his extreme strength power would have been a threat to Krishna's supremacy. It may not be out of place to mention here that account of battle between Kauravs and Pandavas in Mahabharat amply demonstrate the worldly wisdom diplomatic skill of Lord Krishana. Goddess Ambika, though common to both the Hindu and jain pantheon of goddesses, occupies an exalted position amongst the jain as the Shashan Devi of lord Neminath.

Accounts of various pilgrimages to Kangra bear references to the worship of Ambika along - with the worship at the temple of Adinath at the fort. Incidentally, the oldest extent idol of Ambika is understood to be a jain idol.

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